Dandruff is a condition of the scalp that causes flaking of skin to appear which may be marked by itching. Human skin cells are forever renewing themselves. As skin cells in the scalp are renewed, the old (dead) ones are pushed to the surface and then out of the scalp; they are literally expelled. For people with dandruff, the new cells are produced at a faster rate than they die, resulting in more skin being shed, making dandruff more noticeable. Excessive flaking may be caused by an underlying illness or condition, such as psoriasis, a fungal infection (Malassezia), seborrheic dermatitis, dry skin, not shampooing often enough or even head lice. Let’s read about a few ingredients that can help in dandruff treatment at home.
Lemon – Malassezia is a fungus and is associated with a number of dermatological disorders including dandruff. Lemon contains various flavonoids, which are known for their antibacterial activity and thus help in controlling dandruff by acting against these species. Lemon also helps balance pH levels and reduces excessive oils that can be a factor in dandruff. A mild lemon juice rinse effectively cleans away leftover soap or chemicals that can cause itching and flaking. Additionally, using lemon on dandruff problems provides an antibacterial action.
Egg whites – Antimicrobial (against fungus and bacteria’s) properties of the proteins present in egg white helps in the treatment of dandruff at home. Although, most of the proteins present antimicrobial activity, lysozyme is one of the most important enzyme present in egg white. It initiates events of cell death (among bacteria and fungi) by breaking their cell wall and thus exposing the weak cell membrane to the environment causing reduced in the dandruff causing fungi.
Camphor – Camphor is known to reduce dandruff which is attributed to the germicide, disinfectant, anti-microbial and insecticide properties of Camphor oil. Their mechanism of action has most often been attributed to the disturbance of microbial membranes, disrupting the proton motive force, electron flow, and active transport and resulting in the coagulation of intracellular contents. Anti-fungal effect of camphor extracts acts through inhibition of production of vital components of the cell membrane of the fungus. This disrupts the fungal cell membrane permeability, and inhibit the activity of the yeast. This, in turn, results in fewer young cells that are made in the skin, and thus prevents the creation of scales (dandruff).
Coconut oil – Fatty acids and their derivatives present in coconut oil disrupts the lipid membranes of the organisms and thus deactivate them. Coconut oil contains 3 different fatty acids (Caprylic acid, capric acid, and lauric acid) have potent antifungal properties that all work against fungi. Lauric acid is a powerful natural yeast-fighting substances that body converts into monocaprin and monolaurin when acted upon by certain enzymes, which has anti-viral and anti-bacterial properties. Lauric acid is known to kill viruses, bacteria and fungi that are enveloped in aphospholipid membrane of cells thereby help in controlling dandruff.